It is well known that raw humates are refractory, which means it has been fixed by acidic radicals (hydrogen bonds) and this form is nonionized. In order to make raw humate ionized, we use KOH to replace hydrogen bonds with KOH (utilizing OH bonds). By doing so, we are ionizing over 6 major functional groups, such as carboxyls and phenols, etc.
As a result, the molecules relax and create what we call random coil conformation, which in turn results in polydispersion. By creating polydispersions, molecules are activated and enhance mass flow, root interception, and diffusion. These three dynamics assist macro and micronutrient translocation to the root zone (rhizosphere). When the polydispersion process is activated, the nanoparticles of the solubilized humates create micropores, in which the roots, water, and nutrients reside.
This function enhances soil’s physical, chemical and biological dynamics and creates macropores where oxygen resides. As a result, root zones become aerobic and enhance soil health.
In summary, statistically, biologically, metabolically, and considering the underlying physiochemical, physical and biological processes, using KOH, NaOH, and NH4 to hydrolyze the raw humates is scientifically proven to be an effective method.
According to the IHSS (International Humic Substances Society), which is comprised of over 120 scientists globally, this is the best option to make raw humate functional. Another option is to apply raw humate into the soil and wait for many years to be decomposed by the soil microbes and other chemical reactions in the soil ( if that even occurs ). This is why scientists call it refractory, which as mentioned above, means that microbes cannot break it down ( it has been refractory for thousands of years and still has not been decomposed).
In reality, considering all the facts and evaluating the outcomes carefully, we don’t nullify the humate. In fact, we perfect its functionality by using sound science (wet chemistry extraction).